In line with the EU Security Strategy and the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, the EU P2P Dual-Use Programme aims to enhance the effectiveness of export control systems of dual-use items so as to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and related materials, equipment and technologies.
The EU's cooperation programme on export control began in 2004 with only four members from South East Europe. Today it has expanded to include 32 countries from 6 regions. The programme's objectives are to reduce the risk of proliferation by strengthening international cooperation in the field of dual-use export controls and strengthening national and regional capacity, taking into account the balance between security and economic considerations.
Examples of cooperation activities include: support in the drafting of relevant export control legislation, provision of training for customs or licensing officials, train-the-trainer exercises, exchange of good practices or general awareness raising among industry, case studies and table top exercises. The programme further operates on the basis of peer-to-peer consultations.
The programme is implemented by various EU member states agencies. Two projects (Global and South East Asia) are currently implemented by a consortium led by Expertise France which includes the French Ministry of Economy, Industry and Numerics, represented by the Export Control Office on Dual-Use Goods (SBDU), King’s College London, the Swedish Inspectorate of Strategic Products, the Customs authorities of France and Belgium, the United Kingdom National Nuclear Laboratory and the University of Liege.
A third project with the focus supporting Jordan and Kazakhstan is implemented by the German Export Licensing Agency (BAFA). The approach of this programme is very much a practitioner’s and focuses on peer-to-peer consultations.
Approximately 200 experts with diverse professional backgrounds from across the European Union offer technical expertise to EU P2P activities.