In line with the EU Global Strategy (2016), the preceding EU Security Strategy (2003) and the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (2003), the EU P2P Dual-Use Programme aims to enhance the effectiveness of export control systems of dual-use items in order to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and related materials, equipment and technologies.

The EU's cooperation programme on export control began in 2004 with only four members from South East Europe. Today it has expanded to include more than 30 countries from 6 regions. The programme's objectives are to reduce the risk of proliferation by strengthening international cooperation in the field of dual-use export controls and strengthening national and regional capacity, taking into account the balance between security and economic considerations.

Examples of cooperation activities include: support in the drafting of relevant export control legislation, provision of training for customs and licensing officials, train-the-trainer exercises, exchange of good practices or general awareness raising among industry, case studies and table top exercises. The programme further operates on the basis of peer-to-peer consultations.

 

The programme is implemented by various EU Member States agencies. Two projects (Global and South East Asia) are currently implemented by a consortium led by Expertise France which includes the French Ministry of Economy, Industry and Numerics, represented by the Export Control Office on Dual-Use Goods (SBDU), King’s College London, the Swedish Inspectorate of Strategic Products, the Customs authorities of France and Belgium, the United Kingdom National Nuclear Laboratory and the University of Liege. Since September 2017, the German Federal Office for Economic Affairs and Export Control (BAFA) participates also to the Consortium by being in charge of cooperation with partner countries from South East Europe. More information on the second phase of the EU P2P Export Control Programme for Dual-Use Goods (2017-2020) can be found here.

 

A third project with focus on support to Jordan and Lebanon (previous work under the same project concerned Jordan and Kazakhstan) is implemented by BAFA. The approach of this programme is very much practitioner oriented and relies on peer-to-peer consultations.

 

Approximately 200 experts with diverse professional backgrounds from across the European Union offer technical expertise to EU P2P activities.

 

The EU Outreach Programme on Dual-Use Export Controls is funded through the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), a strategic tool designed to address a number of global security and development challenges in complement to geographic instruments. The EU Outreach Programme on Dual-Use Export Controls is also part of the EU's Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence Initiative (CBRN COE) promoting CBRN security objectives at national and regional level and funded under the IcSP. The IcSP is the responsibility of the Commission's Directorate General (DG) for International Cooperation and Development (DEVCO).

 

Other EU activities on Dual-Use Export Controls


Two additional initiatives concerning dual-use export controls are presently undertaken by the EU. The Targeted Initiative (TI) on “Export Controls of Dual-Use Materials and Technologies in Central Asia” started in September 2017, it is financed by the EU's IcSP and it is implemented by the International Science and Technology Center in Astana (ISTC). The participating countries are: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Georgia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Mongolia.

 

A similar TI on “Export Controls of Dual-Use Materials and Technologies in GUAM Countries” began in January 2018, it is also funded by the EU's IcSP and, in this case it is implemented by the Science and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU). The participating countries are: Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Moldova.

 

Both projects will last two years, with the possibility of an extension, and have as main objectives:

 

• To engage the academic community in the CBRN area of knowledge, particularly by raising awareness of risks relating to intangible transfers of technology and by providing education and training to students and practitioners on export control matters.
• To encourage partner countries to commit to building relevant legal frameworks, policy provisions, and administrative capacity to implement and enforce effective export controls that are consistent with export control norms as set in the various international export control regimes.